What is A Autoclave
What is A Autoclave? An autoclave is possibly one of the most important devices in the field of medicine. The device is used in this area to boil solutions way above their boiling points to sterilize medical equipment. In the manufacturing sector, an autoclave is used to “cure” some products during the process of manufacturing.There are numerous types of autoclaves, with the simplest resembling a pressure cooker. The device is often a large pot with a gauge on top and bolts used to fasten the top. The reasoning behind this is that water, for instance, can be heated above its normal boiling point of 100 degrees Celsius or 212 degrees Fahrenheit. In an open or ordinary pot, the boiling point of pure water cannot exceed 1000C or 2120F.
Most medical personnel have small autoclaves in their working stations, which they use to sterilize small batches of instruments. The small autoclaves are usually placed on a cart-like mounting. This ensures that they can be easily moved from one station to another. Most Miniature autoclaves resemble average-size microwaves.Large medical institutions, on their part, use bigger autoclaves that resemble dishwashers in size. Owing to their large size, these autoclaves can sterilize large batches of surgical instruments in just one cycle. This makes the devices of great demand in operation rooms and emergency stations. Ideally, autoclaves are designed to be one-touch devices. Technicians only need to load them with contents and then press the start button just once, and the machine does the rest. The technician needs not to monitor its performance.
Designing of Autoclaves
There are different types of autoclaves, and they consist of respective designs. These machines are fitted with castors and are easy to move by one person. A great number of applications are used in autoclaves serving different purposes. For instance, Fan motors are internally fixed for the pressure envelope of the autoclave vessel. Custom electronics devices are fixed in the machines for different reasons such as communication of two computers to various devices. The autoclaves can be classified into three broad categories gravity displacement autoclaves, positive pressure autoclaves, and vacuum or negative pressure Autoclaves. Gravity displacement autoclaves are created with a chamber filled with water and with a fitting of heating element which works with electricity. This is the most basic autoclave; apart from this more advanced autoclaves are available with more features and high sterilization. Positive pressure autoclaves are used for forcing powerful jets of steam to displace the air and in result the sterilization occurs at the highest temperatures. At last, vacuum pressure autoclaves are created with large chambers to work with higher pressures for the highest efficiency.
History of Autoclaves
Still, in answering the question of what is a autoclave, a brief history of the equipment will be in order. The device was invented in 1978 by Charles Chamberland. By this time, the need to use sterilized equipment in medicine was becoming more of a necessity than an alternative. The equipment, thus, gained popularity at an unprecedented rate because medical personnel was interested in finding other ways of sterilizing instruments besides heating them with fire. Upon acceptance, the equipment became indispensable in laboratories. Today, however, with the introduction of single-use needles and other equipments, autoclaves seem to be losing popularity. This, however, does not mean that they are no longer essential. As a matter of fact, modern hospital emergency stations and operation rooms consider the equipment to be of great necessity.
Someone may ask: what is a autoclave? The best answer to give would be to say that it is a device that has the power to heat solutions beyond their ordinary boiling points. It is mainly used in the medical field and in the manufacturing sector.