Autoclave Manufacturers Overcome Difficulties Faced in Supplying to Developing Countries

Autoclave Manufacturers face many challenges in making equitable supplies to developing countries. OttoClave, an MIT alumni team, using innovative measures, makes this challenge conquerable.

Autoclave Manufacturers Face the Following Challenges in Supplying Developing Countries

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Sterilization has been recognized as an essential to safe medical care since the Pasteur proved the relationship of microbes and infection. In most countries, there is no problem in following modern sterilization techniques and recommendations. The above factors, however, make it difficult for those providing sterilization equipment to developing countries to equitably do so.

1. The cost is often prohibitive for the lower-income countries

Most developing countries are not financially as well off as other countries. This makes it difficult for them to afford proper sterilization equipment. This means that either they settle for outdated models that may not be functioning properly, or they find less effective methods of sterilization.

2. The required technology is too complex for operators in those countries

The degree of technical knowledge needed by users to operate the new equipment is not always available to those in developing countries. Not many manuals and instructions are written in their native language, making educating themselves in usage very difficult. User interfaces are not always accessible or understood.

3. Most equipment depends on electricity for operation

Modern autoclave equipment for the most part depends on the use of electricity as its power source. In these developing countries, electricity is not readily accessible, and even when it is, it is not always dependable. This makes it difficult to provide this modern equipment for sterilization in these developing countries.

New Sterilization Equipment Being Supplied by the OttoClave Team


Production by a special team, the OttoClave team from MIT, is producing sterilization equipment that overcomes the problems listed. They are being manufactured inexpensively expressly for export to these countries. Instructions are provided in the country’s native language to facilitate learning of the proper usage and techniques.

They also have simpler user interfaces. But, most of all, this team is utilizing an alternative source of energy. Though many times electricity is the preferred energy source, this equipment is being modified to use wood, kerosene, and, most efficiently of all, solar power as their main source of energy. This makes them more accessible to developing countries who may or may not have adequate access to electricity on a regular basis.


It has been estimated that there are at least nine times as many people in these developing countries that experience secondary infections after undergoing medical procedures and surgeries. This is due to insufficient sterilization practices.

Most medical professionals in these countries use a method of boiling for fifteen minutes to sterilize equipment. But, the World Health Organization (WHO) has stated that as many as 5% of deadly microbes will survive this method, leaving the patient subject to a serious or even fatal infections.


Autoclave manufacturers bear the onus to design and produce sterilization equipment that will be as efficient and as accessible as that available to more advanced countries. The dream of organizations like the WHO is to make medical care more equitable for all countries. This equity needs to start with the prevention of unnecessary infections by using adequate sterilization techniques.